Pandanus utilis is
There are 650 kinds of
Pandanus or Screw
Pine in the tropics. They are much used by natives. The leaves are used
for all kinds of woven things. The nuts are a good food item.
|The pandanus trees are found both on the seashores and on higher
elevations in the remote parts of the world. These tropical places all rely on
the tree for food, shelter, fibers with which to weave, clothing, sails for their boats,
paper to write on, pouches to carry things, floral decorations, medical remedies, and
magical uses at their various ceremonies.
The fruit is spherical and has a mass of seeds packed into the shell. The
fruit resembles a pineapple or a fir cone and its size varies from 1" to 18" or
The biggest fruits are found in New Guinea. The natives call them MONGO.
The Mongo is almost 2 feet long and 18 inches in diameter and weighs 40 to 60
pounds. Paupauns eat them. White people extract the oil and use it for
cooking, medicine, lubrication, and as a paint. The nut may be eaten either
raw or smoke-cured. The smoked nut can be kept for a year if necessary and is a
The process of smoking is simple. First the fruit is cut in half. All
the woody pith is removed and the fibrous outside or shell is thrown away. The
nuts are cleaned and hung from the rafters in the house just above the fire where there is
a lot of smoke from the daily cooking. The nuts become smoked over time by just
hanging there. Sometimes the Paupauns build houses in remote spots just to
harvest and smoke the pandanus nut if the groves are located far from their villages.
Every day and night for weeks the fire is kept burning to give the smoke a
chance to become smoke-cured.
P. julianetti Kara Nuts
This is the most common species in New Guinea. they
are commonly referred to as the Kara Nuts by people other than the Paupauns. The
groves of pandanus grow to great heights - often exceeding 100 feet. The leaves are
often over 15 feet log giving the jungle a really neat tropical look. The fruits can
weigh 60 pounds and you better watch where you walk because they are lethal when they
Another close relative that produces red fruit which is
usually long and conical in shape. Each syncarp is surrounded by red, fleshy
pericarp or internal fiber which is scooped out and boiled into a sort of soup.
In the Nicobar Islands the immense fruit cones consist of several
wedge-shaped fruits which, when eaten raw, are uneatable. But when you boil
them in water and steam them under pressure, they become sort of a mealy mass. This
mass forms the daily bread of the islanders.
The flavor of the mass strongly resembles that of apple marmalade and has an
agreeable taste to westerners.
Australia and New Holland are home to this species. This plant is often called
the BREADFRUIT and is eagerly eaten by the natives. The stones are very hard
and contain a pleasant kernel. The fruit is a staple food in many coral reef islands
and the inhabitants of certain atolls have been described as "Pandanus peoples".
|Tip of the
learn how to temper
chocolate by reading
a thoughtful gift
2-1/2 cups sugar
1 cup corn syrup
1 cup water
1 cup light cream
1 cup butter 2 sticks)
3 squares unsweetened chocolate
1-1/2 oz piece parafin cut into small pieces (1-1/2" squares)
Combine all ingredients into a 4 quart heavy saucepan. Stir and cook
over medium heat until sugar is dissolved and butter and parafin are melted. reduce
heat to low, stir occasionally, until mixture reaches 240 degrees. (about 40 minutes)
Continue stirring continuously and vigorously to prevent scourching, to a
firm ball stage. (248 degrees). (another 20 minutes)
Remove from heat and pour into a lightly buttered 9" square pan.
When candy gets firm, mark into 3/4" strips with a knife. When candy is
cool and firm (about 3 hours) cut into strips, remove strips from pan, and cut into
squares. wrap individually with waxed paper. Makes about 120 caramels or 2-1/2
Little known facts
Caramel and Butterscotch are made in
similar ways to toffee, as is fudge. The difference is in the degree of boiling
temperature and the ways in which they are cooled. This whole process uses high-heat to
convert sugar. Crystallization, graininess, and whether it is brittle or smooth are simply
variations of this process.
Half a century of fun
The Nut Factory started in 1952 as a roaster of peanuts. We are located in Spokane,
Washington. Over the years The Nut Factory has grown into a large snack food manufacturer.
We ship over 400 product every day to businesses everywhere throughout the United States.